3 Categories of TBI Symptoms

Posted By: Tony Baratta | September 19th, 2020

Brain injury is a very serious and dangerous sickness that can take a toll on a victim physically, cognitively, and emotionally. While immediate medical attention can help a person recover, the victims can still feel some symptoms even years after their surgery or treatment.

Symptoms of Brain Injury


While there are very common symptoms of brain injury, which include headaches, dizziness, fatigue, etc., the effects may differ on a case to case basis. It is known that many people’s symptoms reduce and they become significantly better after medical treatment, but a lot don’t completely recover from brain injuries.

In fact, studies have shown that 15-20% of patients who suffered a brain injury continue to experience symptoms for more than a year after. Of these, only a quarter did not report persistently disturbing symptoms four years after their injury. That means that for many victims, the ongoing symptoms are permanent and many are not able to retain their jobs due to the significant impacts on their ability to work productively.

Physical Symptoms


Physical symptoms of brain injury include:

  • Headaches
  • Dizziness and Vomiting
  • Fatigue
  • Loss of consciousness
  • Speech impairment
  • Sleep deprivation
  • Over sleeping
  • Loss of balance

Research shows that these types of symptoms were the most prominent in the first three to ten years after the injury.

Cognitive Symptoms


Cognitive symptoms include:

  • Memory loss
  • Concentration problems
  • Mood swings
  • Agitation
  • Confusion
  • Coma or other consciousness disorders

Emotional Symptoms


Emotional symptoms include:

  • Anxiety
  • Depression
  • Poor judgment and disinhibition
  • Impulsive behavior
  • Negativity
  • Intolerance
  • Lack of motivation
  • Lack of empathy

Cognitive and emotional symptoms were found to be less prevalent in the first few months of injury. But they become increasingly disturbing the following years after.

Why it’s important to know the 3 categories of TBI symptoms


Brain injury survivors need to know the three categories of TBI symptoms and how to classify what they are feeling. This will help them better communicate to their doctor the symptoms they are experiencing and will ensure that medical professionals can properly target and address the specific concern.



About the Author

Anthony J. Baratta (Tony) is a trial attorney. He has tried more than 50 cases to Juries in State and Federal Courts and has litigated thousands of personal injury and medical malpractice cases in his 30-year career. Tony is the founding partner of Baratta, Russell, & Baratta and an active board member of the Pennsylvania Brain Injury Association (BPIA). Tony is also on the board for the Philadelphia VIP and performs pro bono work for the Laurel House, a non-profit for victims of domestic abuse. In addition, Tony is a member of the Million Dollar Advocates Forum for trial attorneys, voted one of Philadelphia’s Super Lawyers for the past 14 years, and a 2018 recipient of the First Judicial District Pro Bono Award for the Civil Trial Division.

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