Dementia Can Be Result of Previous Traumatic Brain Injury

Posted By: Tony Baratta | September 14th, 2017

A recent study in Finland establishes that a severe head injury, especially during middle age, could dramatically increase the risk for developing dementia later in life.

The study included 40,639 Finnish adults between the ages of 18 and 65 who had been hospitalized with mild, moderate or severe brain injury.  The injuries occurred between 1987 and 2014.  The researchers followed the study participants for about 11 years.

The 20,703 mild traumatic brain injury (TBI) patients were hospitalized for less than a day and the 19,936 moderate to severe TBI patients had be hospitalized for a minimum of three days.

Interestingly, an above average dementia risk was seen among all of the TBI patients but, the investigators found that the moderate to severe group faces substantially higher risks than the mild group.

The largest increase in risk was seen amongst those who had a TBI between the ages of 41 and 50.  Their odds of suffering future dementia were nearly triple those of someone with a mild brain injury.  For those who had a TBI between ages 51 and 60, the risk of dementia was doubled.

More people in the moderate to severe group also developed dementia before the age of 65 (40%) compared to those in the mild group (26%).  The study concluded that those persons with moderate to severe traumatic brain injury had a 90% increased probability of developing dementia compared to persons with mild traumatic brain injury.

One of the challenges in advocating for an injured victim is to ensure he or she receives fair payment for not only past harms but also potential future harms and losses which may come to pass years after the litigation ends.

Most claims for injuries resolve within an average of two to four years following an injury either by way of settlement or trial verdict. In any instance in which the injury is a permanent one, the victim faces potential future harms such as a reduced earning capacity, medical costs and loss of the pleasures of life and pain.

The trial lawyer must prove what those future harms will be so the victim will be fully compensated.  Therefore, when a victim has suffered a moderate to severe brain injury, the potential future harm of dementia must be considered and, if possible, proven with the help of an expert witness.

If you or a family member has suffered a severe brain injury, it is important that your lawyer has strong foundation in understanding the long-term significance of such an injury.

About the Author

Anthony J. Baratta (Tony) is a trial attorney. He has tried more than 50 cases to Juries in State and Federal Courts and has litigated thousands of personal injury and medical malpractice cases in his 30-year career. Tony is the founding partner of Baratta, Russell, & Baratta and an active board member of the Pennsylvania Brain Injury Association (BPIA). Tony is also on the board for the Philadelphia VIP and performs pro bono work for the Laurel House, a non-profit for victims of domestic abuse. In addition, Tony is a member of the Million Dollar Advocates Forum for trial attorneys, voted one of Philadelphia’s Super Lawyers for the past 14 years, and a 2018 recipient of the First Judicial District Pro Bono Award for the Civil Trial Division.

Tell us About Your Problem Our Attorneys are Ready to Help

  • Please be advised that submitting this information does not create an attorney client relationship and the information you share may not be confidential due to its transmission in this manner.
  • This field is for validation purposes and should be left unchanged.

We are Your Center City Law Firm Right Outside the City

We are “Center City” lawyers without the hassle of Center City. Located right outside the city of Philadelphia in Huntingdon Valley, PA, our office is accessible from all directions. We are wheel chair accessible with free parking and an elevator.

Baratta, Russell & Baratta

Huntingdon Valley
3500 Reading Way
Huntingdon Valley, PA 19006

1000 N. Providence Rd.
Media, PA 19063


Get Directions

Phone: 215-914-2222
Fax: 215-914-2118